When your professor assigns you a paper, there are two things that you need to be aware of. The first one is how you should reference your sources within the paper. Generally, you will use these three options. In text citation where the source author is included in the body of the paper. This acts as a reference to your page of ‘Works Cited’. End notes format is where the cited quote or idea is noted with a number and the source is listed at the bottom of the paper. Finally, foot notes format is identical with end notes but the citations are listed at the end of every page.

The second thing you need to be aware of is what format and style guide to use. There are rules on how to do this and your professor will tell you which you are expected to follow. Therefore, as a student, it is important that you study several citation styles as well as your research paper before producing an essay or any other type of academic paper. There are three most commonly used citation styles that have been developed the American Psychological Association (APA) to be used in the social sciences, the Modern Language Association (MLA) to be used in the humanities, and in The Chicago Manual of Style, which is preferred by majority of writers. Also, citations contain standard elements and consist of all the information necessary to track down and identify publications including: author name(s), titles of journals, books, and  articles, page numbers, date of publication, and volume and issue numbers (for articles).

The following citations represent the same book and indicate differences between these three styles:

MLA Style:

Sarno, Lucio, and Mark P. Taylor. The economics of exchange rates. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

APA Style:

Sarno, L., & Taylor, M. P. (2002). The economics of exchange rates. Cambridge University Press.

The Chicago Manual of Style:

Sarno, Lucio, and Mark P. Taylor. The economics of exchange rates. Cambridge University Press, 2002.

Why You Need to Cite a Research Paper

Theses, dissertations, and all types of academic papers will need to be cited using specific citation styles including MLA, APA, Chicago, etc. Citing a research paper is important for several reasons:

  • To indicate to your reader that you have conducted proper research by listing the sources that you have used to acquire your information.
  • To prevent plagiarism by quoting ideas used by other authors.
  •  To become a responsible scholar by giving credit to other researchers as well as acknowledging their ideas.
  • To enable your reader to track down the sources you used by accurately citing them in your paper by way of a bibliography, reference list, or footnotes.

Moreover, since there are several citation styles, this can make life difficult for you. If you are writing a research paper for a specific course, the professor may require that a particular citation style is used. Therefore, it is important to carefully read the course syllabus, and ask your instructor if there is no specific citation style stated in the syllabus. If you have the freedom to choose your preferred citation style, ensure that you maintain that style throughout the paper. Sometimes, you may also prefer to hire a service to help you with citing your paper. Hire our services today for your citation needs!

The Guidelines on How to Cite Sources in a Research Paper

It is important that you also cite your sources within the research paper. An in-text citation is a reference that is made within an academic essay’s body of text. Additionally, it alerts the reader to a source which has informed your individual writing.

In-text citation normally comprises the (surname only) name(s) of the author(s) as well as the date of publication. Also, this information is typically included in brackets, and at the most relevant point in the text. The exact format of the in-text citation is dependent on the style that you are required to use including APA, MLA, Chicago, or other formats. In order to write an in-text citation, in majority of cases only the last name of the author, the page number from which the paraphrase or the quotation is taken, and the date of publication needs to be included, then the complete reference indicated in your works cited or bibliography page at the end of your essay. Additionally, presentation of the in-text citation should be in brackets directly after the text that you have paraphrased or quoted so it’s easy to be identified by the reader. In other cases, presentation of in-text citations is as a superscript number, with the correlating number indicated in your bibliography.

The following in-text citations represent the same book and indicate differences between these three styles:

APA format:

(Sarno and Taylor, 2002)

MLA format:

(Sarno, and Taylor)

Chicago format:

(Sarno and Taylor 2002)

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